Indentured labourers of Mauritius

The islands of the Indian Ocean, especially Mauritius, specialized in sugar cane plantations, badly needed this intensive labor cheaper than the emancipated workforce negotiating for higher wages.

Mauritius was to act as a plaque tournante for this coolie or indentured population, dispatching hundreds of thousands of coolies to Africa and the Indies.

Between 1845 and 1917, 140,000+ Indians contracted to work the plantations of the island of Trinidad.

Mauritius can be called the country of coolitude as the ‘Great Experiment‘ leading to the widespread recourse to indentured labour started there. It hosts the Aapravasi ghat and has given rise to many books on this special page in the history of human migrations.

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